Appaloosa Journal

AUG 2018

Appaloosa Journal is the official publication of the Appaloosa Horse Club, the international registry for the Appaloosa horse.

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Page 95 of 126

RACING HISTORY: PART XIV 91 involves two parts, both of which address the "big picture" of Ap- paloosa racing history: How do we determine the degree to which Appaloosa breeders have improved the quality of their racing stock and the degree to which trainers have become more adept at pre - paring racehorses for life-on-the-track? Differing personal opinions aside, we believe the most objective and definitive answers are found in only two primary and fundamental sources of evidence—changes in track record times throughout the country (which we defer to a later Part of our Series), and the current focus on world record times since 1963 and through 2017. The evidence we'll provide will leave no doubt, for after building from the early years of those "saddle horses" who raced, the racing industry has continued to produce and upgrade a bona fide and widely respected Appaloosa racehorse. The First World Records The first 16 Appaloosa world records were published in both the first Chart Book and later in the February 1965 issue of the Ap - paloosa News. They included not only the overall records regard- less of age or sex, but also world records for 2- and 3-year-olds. These "other" categories or divisions would be expanded to nearly 40 "divisions" in future years. (More on those divisions later) Since our experience with official publications has found any number of mistakes, we checked the records listed below against the actual individual racing charts and found several contradictions between the listings on page 9 and actual charts. The data below represent what we believe are the more accurate distances and world record times regardless of age/sex. 220 yards .......... 12.80 .........Frae 250 yards .......... 13.82 .........Ghost of Comanche 300 yards .......... 16.23 .........Patty Hand 330 yards .......... 17.82 .........Nava Star 350 yards .......... 18.47 .........Ipana Maid 400 yards .......... 21.49 .........Active Duty 440 yards .......... 23.04 .........Joker's Moneca 500 yards .......... 27.4 ...........Apache King S. 550 yards .......... 33.53 .........Yellow Dude 660 yards .......... 36.6 ...........Chief L & R 770 yards .......... 42.5 ...........Apache King S. 870 yards .......... 48.75 .........My Ole Still 880 yards .......... 47.0 ...........Apache King S. 4 1/2 furlongs ... 57.6 ...........Apache King S. 990 yards .......... 57.6 ...........Blue Angel 6 furlongs ......... 83.69 .........Don O's Lone Star Observations: − These are official records through 1964. After checking each individual chart, we note that several records were actually set in 1963. − Although 4 1/2 furlongs is technically equivalent to 990 yards, the respective distances and times listed above are taken di- rectly from the actual individual racing charts. − By 1969, the format listing world records had changed radi- cally. It now included the year set, track abbreviations for each of the now 26 distances as well as distances racing around 1 or 2 turns. The "turns" distances would later be dropped from the line-up. World Record "Categories" What is a world record? While the answer is obvious and no lon- ger an issue, it was not obvious prior to 1978 and produced many misleading if not outright false ads in the Appaloosa News. Why resurrect an outdated issue now? Simply because it is part of racing history impacting how racehorses were represented in advertising, including claims of records produced by stallion and mare offspring and racehorses themselves. Explaining this issue is complicated and lengthy, so let's piece it together and hopefully provide clarity. As we've already noted, the first listing of racing records included world records for 2- and 3-year-olds. The assumption, back-in-the- day, was clear: in addition to identifying the horses who had the best times "in the world" at various distances, regardless of age or sex, others deserved recognition for having the best times in the world, but defined by age and/or sex, hence world records for 2- and 3-year-olds. What we'll call "selective categories" were added in 1965 and continued to increase through the years until they num - bered 40 of these divisions or categories by 1977, the last year for identifying various types of world record holders. Thereafter and continuing to the present, world records for various distances did not delineate by age or sex, just the names of the horses holding a world record for each of roughly 27 different distances. (Note: The actual number of world record distances has not been constant through the years. In 1977 for example, the overall world records, still regardless of age/sex, included best times to date for 38 sepa - rate distances: 12 from 220 yards to 3 furlongs, 18 around 1 turn from 500 yards to 6 furlongs and 8 around 2 turns, from 870 yards to 8 furlongs. From 1978 through 2017, world records fluctuated between 24 and 27 different distances) Two examples of what we're explaining should help provide fur - ther clarity. The first is from the 1972 Racing Chart Book and the second, various types or categories of world records held through 1972 by an actual Appaloosa racehorse. The World Record "Situation" in 1972: − 29 overall world records, regardless of age or sex, including the following: straight course, 9 different distances; one turn, 13 different distances; two turns, 7 different distances. − Records for colts & horses, all ages: 27 world records cover- ing straight course, 1 and 2 turns, then, 42 more records for 2- and 3-year-old colts. − Records for fillies & mares, all ages: 27 world records, again by straight course, 1 and 2 turns, followed by 32 more records for 2- and 3-year-old fillies. − Records for geldings, all ages, same basic breakdowns and 28 world records, then 27 additional records for 2- and 3-year-olds. Analysis Do the math, understanding clearly that the numbers are not mistaken and have real-world Appaloosas whose names are at- tached to all of them. The impact? A sizable number of Appa- loosas held world records through 1972, but with a definition of "world record" far different from what it means today. We've studied many years of race-related advertising in old issues of the Appaloosa News and found numerous examples of what is gen- erously described as misleading advertising, ads which claim an

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